Suicide Loss Survivors (those bereaved by suicide)
Recent (Cerel, 2015) research-based estimate suggests that for each suicide death, 147 people are exposed
(6.5 million annually). Among those, 6 people experience a major life disruption. These 6 people account for more than 250,000 people coping with the devastating effects of suicide loss.
Suicide Rates by Gender
The following rates are per 100,000
For many years, the suicide rate has been about 4 times higher among men than among women. In 2015, men had a suicide rate of 22.5, and women had a rate of 6.3. White males accounted for 7 of 10 suicide deaths in 2015 and the number is highest in middle age men.
Special Facts About Suicide
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collects data about mortality in the U.S., including deaths by suicide. Suicide is the 10th ranking cause of death in US. Homicide ranks 16th. In 2015 (the most recent year for which data are available), 44,193 suicide deaths were reported. In that year, someone in the U.S. died by suicide every 11.9 minutes.
Exceptional Facts About Suicide
Suicide deaths have exceeded the number of homicides every year since 1981. Married persons have lower suicide rates than single, never married individuals. The highest rates occur among widowed and divorced persons.
According to Badge of Life study, Officer.com, law enforcement officer suicides took more lives (108) than gunfire and traffic accidents combined (97) in 2016. For every one police suicide, almost 1,000 officers continue to work while suffering the painful symptoms of PTSD.
Economic Impact of Completed Suicides
The economic cost of suicide death in the U.S. is estimated to be $51 billion annually. With the burden of suicide falling most heavily on adults of working age, the cost to the economy results almost entirely from lost wages and work productivity. For more complete statistics refer to AFSP.org or www.suicidology.org
In 2015, firearms were the most common method of death by suicide, accounting for a little less than half (49.8%) of all suicide deaths. The next most common methods were suffocation (including hangings) at 26.8% and poisoning at 15.4%.
Suicide Rates by Geographic Region/State
In 2015, suicide rates were highest in the West (14.9), followed by the South (14.3), the Midwest (14.0) and the Northeast (10.8). Eleven U.S. states, nine in the West, had age-adjusted suicide rates in excess of 19: Alaska (27.2), Wyoming (26.8), Montana (26.3), New Mexico (24.0), Idaho (21.7), Utah (21.0), Oklahoma (20.2), South Dakota (20.2), Colorado (20.0) Arkansas (19.4) and Nevada (19.3). Three locales had age-adjusted suicide rates lower than 9 per 100,000: New Jersey (8.8), New York (8.4) and the District of Columbia (5.1).
Suicide Rates per 100,000
In 2015, the highest suicide rate (20.3) was among people 45 to 54 years old. The second highest rate (19.4) occurred in those 85 years and older. Younger groups have had consistently lower suicide rates than middle-aged and older adults. In 2015, adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 had a suicide rate of 12.5.
Suicide Rates by Race/Ethnicity
In 2015, the highest U.S. suicide rate (20.0) was among American Indians and Alaskan Native and the second highest rate (17.0) was among Whites. Much lower and roughly similar rates were found among Hispanics (5.8), Asians and Pacific Islanders (6.4), Blacks (5.6).